The Cosmic Community of Intelligent Life
Empathy and Compassion for the Common Good
(Universe Forelaws, Meaning and Purpose)
Albedo Management, Industrial Hemp, Desalination
From Nation-States to United Albedo Regions
Forelaws Science, Technology and Culture
A Compassionate/Cooperative Global Society on Earth
Launching Albedoism, the Forelaws Party, and
James Webb Space Telescope (Spring 2019)
"the human brain is the most complex and orderly arrangement of matter in the universe." - Isaac Asimov (1920-1992),
professor of biochemistry at Boston University, USA. (describes that of all intelligent life in the
cosmic community of intelligent life).
Every 230 million years Earth, its inhabitants and the Sun (our star) orbit the center of the Milky Way
Galaxy. The Milky Way is the galactic home of humankind and untold numbers of fellow counterparts
- many far more advanced than humankind with respect to cosmic genealogy, climate change, and
empathy and compassion for the common good (Universe forelaws, meaning and purpose).
The cosmic community of intelligent life includes humankind and its revolutionary new science
discipline astrobiology (merging astronomy and biology).
Appreciation on Earth of cosmic genealogy - in which from infinity to infinity empathy
and compassion for he common good is propagated by intelligent life - is traceable unarguably
to pioneering investigation of organic matter in space conducted in the 1970/80s by astronomers
Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001) and Chandra Wickramasinghe, giving birth to the science discipline
astrobiology (merging astronomy and biology). Dr. Wickramasinghe continues to pioneer
related research and discovery (with 32 co-authors) in the year-long-peer-reviewed
article "Cause of Cambrian Explosion - Terrestrial or Cosmic?" (CETC) - published on line
13 March 2018 in the journal Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology. Since 1996
notable progress in astrobiology has been chronicled by Brig Klyce (CETC co-author and author
of Cosmic Ancestry) in the website Cosmic Ancestry. A cosmic phenomenon operative in
cosmic genealogy - no two star systems with intelligent life are exactly the same in
terms of solar radiation - explains intelligent life "races" before amalgamation.
"When Jon (Jon Larsen, Project Stardust) first came to me I was dubious. Many people had reported finding cosmic
dust in urban areas before, but when they were analysed scientists found that these particles were all
industrial in origin." – Matthew Genge, Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London.
"This was our first view of the comet dust. We are the first people in the history of the planet to see
comet dust." - Donald Brownlee, Cosmic Dust Group, Department of Astronomy, University of Washington.
"To suppose that Earth is the only populated world in infinite space is as absurd to believe that in an entire
field sown with millet, only one grain will grow." - Metrodorus of Chios (Greek Philosopher, Fourth
". . . herald a new worldview that I hope will unite the many nations and races of people that inhabit our planet." -
Chandra Wickramasinghe, Director, Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology, UK.
"It (darwinism) proclaimed that our true relation is that of competitors and combatants in a struggle
for mere survival . . ." - George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), socialist, vegetarian, playwright
- author of The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Socialism and Capitalism (1926). --------- "The
historian of science may be tempted to claim that when paradigms change, the world itself changes
with them." - from The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Thomas S. Kuhn, 1962, 2nd ed. 1970).
"We are all living together on a single planet, which is threatened by our own actions. And if you
don't have some kind of global cooperation, nationalism is just not on the right level to tackle
the problems, whether it's climate change or whether it's technological disruption." - Yuval Noah Harari,
author, historian, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
Addressing climate change centers on planet albedo, i.e. atmosphere and surface reflectivity
of solar radiation. Management on Earth of solar radiation involves alteration of human
infrastructure, which, among other things, consists of buildings, roads, hempcrete houses, and airport
runways - all capable of changing surface color with temperature change. This phenomenon
- known as thermochromism - provides opportunities for positive management of solar radiation
received on Earth (albedoism) - toward benign and relative stability in weather and
climate. In working also with the plant kingdom (every tree and flower a contributor)
to achieve optimal albedo in human infrastructure, innovative and creative albedo
management paves the way to united albedo regions on Earth, and a compassionate/cooperative
global society. Through albedoism and united albedo regions, empathy and compassion
for the common good places humankind on a trajectory countering, remediably, droughts,
desertification, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, lightning-induced wildland fires, subsidence, and
ice ages. The Keith Group at Harvard University, USA, stands out among organizations
and associations researching climate change and albedoism.
Terra Mission (NASA, 1999) . . . "carries five instruments that observe Earth's atmosphere, ocean, land, snow and ice,
and energy budget. Taken together, these observations provide unique insight into how the Earth system works
and how it is changing."
"Governments will respond to the will of the people provided we tell them what we want. And what we want is a
livable world." - Citizens' Climate Lobby.---------- "We believe in a safe climate and a better future — a
just, prosperous, and equitable world built with the power of ordinary people." - 350.org.
The emerging forelaws party and its cornerstone the democrathon process (TDP) promote
empathy and compassion for the common good locally and globally. The forelaws party
and TDP address local and global issues ranging from war, carnism and racism to neutralizing
and phasing-out nuclear weapons/energy within divisive nation-states . . . vulnerable to climate
change, to natural disasters, and to global terrorism (compounded by nuclear waste disposal)
. The forelaws party and TDP advance empathy and compassion for the common good in
conflict resolution, in science and technology, in energy, economics and politics, in animal rights
- in veganism - as well in creative/productive employment availability, public-supported-funded
quality health care, public-funded education at all levels - public-supported-funded quality housing.
"We believe we as a country can be a trailblazer for a new age of renewable energy sources," - German Chancellor
Angela Merkel (on phase-out of nuclear energy).
"Several states have used civilian nuclear reactors as a cover to make nuclear weapons. The "spent fuel"
waste produced by a civilian reactor contains plutonium that, if separated out, can be used to make a bomb."
Graham Allison, Nuclear Terrorism, USA.
"Despite the end of the Cold War over two decades ago, humanity still has over 15,000 nuclear weapons. Some
of these are hundreds of times more powerful than those that obliterated Hiroshima and Nagasaki . . . " - Future
of Life Institute.
Challenges ahead for the forelaws party and TDP (in addition to those cited above, and led in
many areas by global sisterhood activism) include plentiful global fresh water and food - fossil
fuels elimination - closure of international trade wars coincident with ending divisive
capitalism - energy conservation with renewable energy available on a global grid - natural
(unmodified) organic foods such as stevia, a plant replacing refined sugars - digital direct
democracy - accelerated desalination (freshwater from seawater) - increasing industrial hemp
production globalwide - total recycling and landfill disappearance (Zero Waste).
"SIMPLY PUT, the common good is the well-being of a community considered as a whole. Pursuing the
common good involves thinking about how the various parts and their interrelationships can be maintained,
developed, and corrected so that the whole community flourishes in a way that enhances the well-being
of its various parts." - from Defining "Common Good" in the Digital World, by Deanna B. Marcum,
Perilous yet an emergent turning point for humankind, the years 2018-2021 (launching the forelaws
party, albedo management, and Webb - and dramatic increase of desalination and industrial hemp
production globalwide) become the all-important first step toward a compassionate/cooperative
global society on Earth.
"Webb (James Webb Space Telescope) will be the premier observatory of the next decade, serving
thousands of astronomers worldwide. It will study every phase in the history of our Universe
. . . " - NASA - to be launched Spring 2019.
"We cannot compromise with the earth; we cannot compromise with the catastrophe of unchecked climate change,
so we must compromise with one another." - Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister, UK.
Empathy and compassion for the common good - part and parcel of naturalist Nature
(everything is connected to everything else) - represents a cause, norm and way forward on all
planets with intelligent life. On Earth, ending 194 nation-state divisiveness not limited
to nationalism, militarism, war (military, cyber and trade), capitalism, environment/climate
degradation, nuclear weapons/energy, carnism, and racism . . . in favor of benign and
relative stability in weather and climate (albedoism) - and a compassionate/cooperative
global society . . . begins with the forelaws party and science and moral commitment to
empathy and compassion for the common good - imperative today in relations between
United States and North Korea, and in those between Middle East nation-states.
"Beyond Carnism seeks to empower concerned citizens and vegan advocates through education and
activism, to help create a more compassionate and just world for all beings, human and nonhuman
alike." - Melanie Joy, director, Beyond Carnism, author of Beyond Beliefs (2017).
"You sat high atop your mom’s shoulder and held a sign that read BUILD A WALL AND MY GENERATION
WILL TEAR IT DOWN". - Representative Joe Kennedy, III, US Congressman and former Peace Corps member.
Existence of the cosmic community of intelligent life eternalizes empathy and compassion for
the common good (Universe forelaws, meaning and purpose) . . . settling the question of
why the Universe, intelligent life - and existence itself - exist. Highlighting
procreation fundamentally and existentially, and motherhood specifically, intelligent
life remains a gift with indefinable promise and potential - for empathy and compassion for
the common good - in the cosmic community of intelligent life.
Forelaws on Board
The Democrathon Process (DEMOCRATHONS)
Government for the Common Good
“These scientific studies countervail the influential claims of the Kants, Nietzsches, and Rands about the
nature of human goodness." - Dacher Keltner, author of "Born to be Good: The Science of a Meaningful
Life" and co-founder of Greater Good Science Center, UC Berkeley, CA, USA.
The democrathon process (DEMOCRATHONS) - cornerstone of the forelaws party and forerunner of digital
direct democracy - functions in unison with the Initiative and Referendum currently available in
some form in 24 States in the USA and continuing to grow globally - with prospects and efficacy
significantly more practicable and widespread since the advent of computer and information
technology. A political-educational-fundraising tool, DEMOCRATHONS maximize citizen participation
within and beyond the political jurisdiction of subject Initiative or Referendum.
The democrathon process is the leading edge of political science and government. DEMOCRATHONS
on albedoism and united albedo regions, on common good legislation, on ending carnism and racism,
on dispatching nuclear weapons/energy - timely and urgent - catalyze a new vision and way
forward beyond 194 nation-state divisiveness (distinctly beyond the 2nd amendment to the
U.S. Constitution) to a compassionate/cooperative global society on Earth.
DEMOCRATHON fundraising centers on the generation of pledges/contributions collected in excess of
the number needed to place subject Initiative or Referendum on the ballot - i.e, for example, $.50, or
$l.00, or $5.00, or $10.00 for each l,000 valid signatures collected additionally. Contributors
include private citizens of all ages, public/private organizations, corporations, schools, churches,
Instrumental in the coming of age of computer, information and political science, the democrathon process
helps worthy causes of contributors through funding derived from monies collected over and above
DEMONCRATHON costs, which, initially, relies upon donations from concerned citizens both local
Note: The DEMOCRATHON suggested below demonstrates the educational significance of DEMOCRATHONS
(key to issue education and voter approval), e.g. "It (darwinism) proclaimed that our true relation is
that of competitors and combatants in a struggle for mere survival . . ." - George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), Nobel
Laureate, socialist, vegetarian, playwright, author of "The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Socialism
and Capitalism (1926).
(______) DEMOCRATHON 2018/19 (Empathy and Compassion for the Common Good)
The people of the State of _______ . . . desirous of creating a compassionate/cooperative global society
(beyond 194 nation-states characterized by divisive geopolitics not limited to nationalism, militarism,
war, environmental degradation, and capitalism) . . . call upon the _______ Legislative Assembly to incorporate
in all enacted legislation the following: "This legislation reflects and furthers empathy and compassion
for the common good (Universe forelaws, meaning and purpose), defining and advancing the Forelaws Party
and the Forelaws University on Earth - and global sisterhood - central to a compassionate/cooperative
Desalination and Industrial Hemp
Residents of Beijing, China's capital, could be drinking freshwater from desalinated seawater within five years. As
part of China's eleventh five-year plan, this source could become a main supply in efforts to deal with the water
shortage (National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) People's Republic of China.) The current
growth rate of desalination at coastal locations bodes well for direct transport of freshwater (from
seawater) to inland points such as Beijing. Mandated by empathy and compassion for the common
good, dramatically accelerated and expanded seawater desalination - reflecting and driven by albedo
management dedicated to optimal solar radiation - achieves (1) global freshwater availability and
food surpluses, (2) relief for low-lying communities vulnerable to sea-level rise, (3) enlarged surface
land mass on Earth (4) replenishment of aquifers - and below-ground storage of fresh water in areas
including those where once resided coal and petroleum . . . effectively reversing desertification,
reducing earthquake incidence and impact, and checking (by shrinking sea water surface) excessive
cloud formation triggering ice ages.
"A UK researcher (Philip Davies, Aston University) has proposed a new process to decompose waste desalination
brine using solar energy that could allow desalination plants to act as a sink rather than a source of atmospheric
carbon dioxide, and help to neutralise ocean acidity." - Chemistry World, 22 January 2015.
Albedoism in desalination presupposes a transition era, entailing a network of overland
pipelines (new &/or converted to freshwater use). Interport transportation of freshwater
converted from seawater can be expected to take advantage of surplus marine tanker capacity
resulting from ongoing trends to renewable energy sources. The same is true concerning
existing overland pipelines currently used in moving petroleum and petroleum products.
"CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — A new approach to desalination being developed by researchers at MIT and
in South Korea could lead to small, portable desalination units that could be powered by solar cells or batteries
and could deliver enough fresh water to supply the needs of a family or small village. As an added
bonus, the system would also remove many contaminants, viruses and bacteria at the same time." . . . . . Source:
“Direct Seawater Desalination by Ion Concentration Polarization,” by Sung Jae Kim, Sung Hee Ko,
Kwan Hyoung Kang, and Jongyoon Han. Nature Nanotechnology, March 21, 2010. - from MIT News 23 March 2010.
". . . we have found a way to make a membrane (for use in seawater desalination) that can produce higher amounts
of water compared to the commercial membranes being used today, while using the same process." - Mohammed
Rasool Qtaishat, Water for All.
"Vote Hemp seeks the full normalization of and a free market for industrial hemp in America. Vote Hemp's mission
is to educate consumers, business owners, farmers and legislators about the many benefits of industrial hemp
and to mobilize voters to elect pro-hemp politicians. Hemp is one of the few issues on the national debate that
enjoys tremendous bipartisan and cross-cultural support. Democrats, Libertarians, Progressives, Greens
and Republicans, farmers and hippies, global corporations and small mom-and-pop businesses are all part of
the broad coalition in favor of industrial hemp.Vote Hemp seeks the full normalization of and a free market
for industrial hemp in America. Vote Hemp's mission is to educate consumers, business owners, farmers and
legislators about the many benefits of industrial hemp and to mobilize voters to elect pro-hemp politicians.
Hemp is one of the few issues on the national debate that enjoys tremendous bipartisan and cross-cultural
support. Democrats, Libertarians, Progressives, Greens and Republicans, farmers and hippies, global
corporations and small mom-and-pop businesses are all part of the broad coalition in favor of industrial
hemp." Vote Hemp, Inc. P.O. Box 1571 Brattleboro, VT 05302 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Any product made from petroleum can be made from industrial hemp. Industrial hemp seeds can produce
food such as bread, hempburgers, milk and ice cream. Hemp fiberboard has been demonstrated
to be twice the strength of wood fiberboard. "Hempcrete" blocks, "lighter, stronger and
easier to work with than masonry concrete", have been manufactured at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South
Dakota (start-up costs were under $10,000.00.) As humanity transitions to albedoism and united
albedo regions products made from industrial hemp - and industrial hemp itself as a growing plant - will
make a major contribution. A plant requiring no genetic modification, industrial hemp can be
cultivated with and without irrigation in countries like Afghanistan, Columbia, Mexico, and the USA -
and processed into upwards of 10,000 useful products which include paper, food and building materials.
"Concerns about global warming, energy consumption and increased demand for potable water sources are causing
a dramatic expansion of the desalination industry. These changes present an exciting opportunity
for IDA to play a more centralized role in speaking for the industry to increase public awareness of the
many benefits of desalination, including drought-proof reliability, expandability, availability and
potentially unlimited production." Lisa Henthorne, International Desalination Association.
Forelaws on Board
The Age of Empathy and Compassion for the Common Good
A Compassionate/Cooperative Global Society
"Whatever you can do . . . . . or believe you can . . . . . begin it
Boldness has magic . . . . . power . . . . . and genius in it."
"When the bonds of sisterhood go global, we can enact greater change!" - Global Sisterhood.
"I suspect that the cosmic quality of microbiology will seem as obvious to future
generations as the Sun being the centre of the solar system seems obvious to the
present generation" - Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001) - "The Relation of Biology to Astronomy".
"But the climaxing observation appeared in year 2002. How exceedingly ironic that 30 years after Fred Hoyle
pointed to NGC 7603 as a crucial system which must force out acceptance of the existence of discordant
redshifts - after a generation has passed - the luminous link between this active Seyfert and its appendage is observed
to have two high redshift, quasar-like objects in it." - Halton C. Arp, American astronomer, Max Planck
Institute for Astrophysics, and author of Seeing Red, Apeiron, 1998 (refuting "Big-Bang" theory).
"Life comes from space because life comes from life." - Brig Klyce, Cosmic Ancestry.
"We should phase out all (nuclear) plants beginning with those that are close to heavily populated areas." -
Larry Bogart (1914-1991), Coordinator, Citizens Energy Council.
"Other nations, such as Germany, are increasing renewable energy sources, while creating jobs, as
they phase out nuclear energy and seek to reduce carbon emissions.” - Lloyd Marbet, anti-nuclear and
"The first law of ecology is that everything is related to everything else" - Barry Commoner (1917-2012), author
of The Closing Circle.
"This focus on altruism for message content has several advantages." - Douglas Vakoch, President, METI
(Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence) International.
"A human being is part of the whole, called by us "Universe," a part limited in time
and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something
separated from the rest - a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This
delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to
affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from
this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and
the whole of nature in its beauty." - Albert Einstein.
"We are a global network of artists, writers, musicians, designer, poets, philosophers, and punks trying
to pull off a radical transformation of the current world order." - Adbusters, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
“A man can do what he wants, but not want what he wants.” - Arthur Schopenhauer.
"My veganism has been a reconciliation of existing ideologies and concepts I once could not adopt because
they were so inconvenient and unfamiliar. Already a feminist, veganism was a step outside the path I
was already comfortable taking." - Anna Varga, from Vegan Feminist Network.
"We encourage critical feedback and are always searching for innovative initiatives to improve the quality
of our work." - Women's Learning Partnership.
"The Sisterhood Is Global Institute (SIGI), an international nonprofit NGO with consultative status to
the United Nations, has for more than three decades functioned as the world’s first feminist think-tank."
"A new approach to activism and a new kind of protest are desperately needed." ¯ Micah White, The End of
Protest: A New Playbook for Revolution
"You would then want to draw on research findings from a wide range of disciplines to try to determine the kinds
of interventions with the greatest likelihood of success in pushing the system in this direction." - from
Compassionate System Design, by author Jonathan Leighton.
"To realize we are all in the same boat and need to walk in each other's shoes." - Edwin Rutsch, founder
and director of Center for Building a Culture of Empathy, USA.
“Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Without them, humanity cannot survive.” –
His Holiness the Dalai Lama.
“…respect for oneself, understanding and compassion for others, and a sense of responsibility for the
world, its citizens and its future.” - Mary Gordon, founder of Roots of Empathy and author of Roots of Empathy:
Changing the World, Child by Child (2005.)
"It would be good to prevent the vast suffering and countless violent deaths caused by predation."
- Jeff McMahan, Department of Philosophy, University of Oxford, UK.
"The initiative already has led to six completed science textbooks in Tibetan and English, with two more
textbooks in various stages of completion." - from the Robert A. Paul Emory-Tibet Science Initiative,
Emory University, USA.
“From the right to know and the duty to inquire flows the obligation to act.” - Sandra Steingraber ("Rachel
Carson of the 21st Century"), author of Living Downstream (1997, 2010.)
"We are particularly interested in the science of prosocial emotions, including moral elevation, compassion,
empathy, and altruism." - The Saturn Lab, Sarina Saturn, Director, Oregon State University, USA.
"We may have different religions, different languages, different colored skin, but we all belong to one human
race." - Kofi Annan, former United Nations Secretary-General.
". . . Which then means that everyone has their own perception or version of `reality'. That's because
each of us `physically' perceives the external world slightly differently, and each of us carries a
unique baggage of a life-time's concepts and assumptions which further influence those perceptions."
- Ray Dickenson, Editor, Perceptions.
"Toward that end (veganism) Gentle World has served as a clearing house of information for nearly 40 years,
helping children, teens and adults embrace a lifestyle that incorporates their values."
"There is no such thing as a B12 deficiency, even in 100% raw vegan food eaters. They do not have to eat dirt,
animal products, or take pills to secure coenzymes of B12. Bacteria in the intestinal tract make it for us,
and the metabolically usable and necessary forms of coenzyme B12 are contained in unprocessed, fresh
natural plant foods, particularly in nuts and seeds. The real problem in so-called B12 deficiency is a
failure of digestion and absorption of foods, rather than a deficiency of the vitamin itself . . ." -
Virginia Vetrano, D.C., M.D., D.Sc.
"A scientific and lay community that understands the neural basis for empathy and compassion and uses
newly developed insights and tools to create methods to enhance the ability of humans to practice these
mental states." - Center for Empathy and Compassion, University of California at San Diego, USA.
". . . to understand how our knowledge about the brain maps onto the world we live in, and how we can structure
things at a government level . . . to make a better place, given the knowledge we have." - David Eagleman,
Baylor College of Medicine, USA.
"Even though we can't conceive of the number of stars in the Milky Way or the number of neurons in the human brain,
equating the two gives people a sense of enormity. And as conscious beings we like to find patterns, and
we find equivalencies interesting, especially when the things being equated are "important" or "epic" (like neurons
and stars)." - Scitable by Nature Education.
"That leads me to my next point, which is how we can more broadly engage each of you – students, educators, researchers,
engineers, and the larger academic community – in our nation's cybersecurity efforts. To meet the challenges I've
discussed, DHS needs a world-class cybersecurity team – a strong, dependable pipeline for the future." -
Janet Napolitano, former Secretary, Department of Homeland Security, at San Jose State University, April 16, 2012.
"This is one of the defining battles of our age, one that takes place for the most part out of the public eye." -
Mark Bowden, author of Worm: The First Digital World War (Atlantic Monthly Press, 2011.)
"We have discussed five modes of using mathematics as a tool which partly overlap and are partly heterogeneous in
kind. The instrumental use of mathematics is not governed by a single scheme. Rather, the heterogeneity
of tools and of tool usages teaches a lesson about the limits of mathematization." - from Mathematics as a Tool,
by Johannes Lenhard and Martin Carrier, Philosophy Department, Bielefeld University, 2/2015.
". . . . . I believe a non-Platonist position gives us greater freedom of thought. If we accept that mathematics
is invented, rather than discovered, we can be more daring, ask deeper questions, and be motivated to create
further change." - Derek Abbott, University of Adelaide, Australia, from "Is Mathematics Invented or
Discovered?" (Huffpost Science, 9/13/2013).
"Win-win sees life as a cooperative arena, not a competitive one. Win-win is a frame of mind and heart that constantly
seeks mutual benefit in all human interactions." - Author Steven R. Covey (1932-2012.)
"Selecting and implementing a common language will be a major development not only for the nearly 500 million
people of the EU, but also for the more than 6 billion people who populate the rest of the world." - Author Philip Yaffe.
"The globalization process has brought great opportunities as well as new challenges, especially within
communication:" - The Future Global Language.
"The technological challenges of solar geoengineering look simple in comparison to the challenge of building legitimate
governance mechanisms for a high-leverage technology with global reach. I have been an early leader
in organizing meetings on public policy and governance of geoengineering including meetings at Harvard in
2007, in Lisbon in 2009, and helped launch the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI)."
- David Keith (The Keith Group), author of A Case for Climate Engineering (2013).
"The solar energy reflected from Earth is a fundamental component of the Earth’s energy balance, and processes
that define the albedo of Earth are of elementary relevance to the Earth’s climate . . . Joint analyses of surface
solar flux data that are a complicated mix of measurements and model calculations with top-of-atmosphere (TOA)
flux measurements from current orbiting satellites yield a number of surprising results . . . " - The Albedo of Earth,
from Reviews of Geophysics, March 2015.
"Location, topography, and the exchange of radiant energy between the sun and Earth ultimately determine weather"
(from Retrieval of Surface Albedo from Space, December, 2002.) - John Maurer, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
“After I had given just a few talks about the climate, I realized that the actions I was suggesting to my listeners
to take, while essential, were not a match for the problem." - Marshall Saunders, Founder and President,
Citizens' Climate Lobby.
"Global warming is no longer a philosophical threat, no longer a future threat, no longer a threat at all.
It's our reality." - Bill McKibben, Co-Founder, 350.org
"a globally-recognized expert on helping disparate interests find common ground on energy, public policy, and
the environment" - recounts the work of Mark Reynolds, Executive Director, Citizens' Climate Lobby.
"Among U.S. states, Maryland, Virginia, and DC are exceptionally vulnerable to
climate change. The states have more than 5,000 miles of Chesapeake and
Atlantic shoreline, almost every inch of which would be degraded or inundated
completely by the projected sea-level rise of up to three feet." - Chesapeake
Climate Action Network.
"As a joint initiative between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and NASA . . . . . Landsat represents the world's
longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data.
Four decades of imagery provides a unique resource for those who work in agriculture, geology, forestry,
regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research. Landsat images are also invaluable
for emergency response and disaster relief." - NASA Landsat Science.
"USGS LCI (Land Cover Institute) is a focal point for advancing the science, knowledge, and applications of
land use and land cover information." - USGS LCI, USA.
"The dialogue is now shifting gears from climate science to climate action. There's still a lot we need to
learn about the science, but the events of the past year have ended much of the lingering debate and
controversy." - Jane Lubchenco, former administrator of The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA), 2009 to 2013; currently a distinguished professor in the department of integrative biology at
Oregon State University, while serving as adviser to the university on marine studies issues.
"I look forward to working with the Steering Committee, Second Nature, and our growing network of
universities and colleges to tackle society's most difficult climate challenges." - President Wim Wiewel,
Portland State University, USA (Chair, Steering Committee, American College and University President's
"D. But greatest of all would be the effect upon our ethical and aesthetic culture if we made ourselves
consistent with that primate nature which was built over long ages into our very genes. We have tried to
operate a church and a schoolhouse at one end of the street and a slaughterhouse at the other, to fill our
minds with kindness and our stomachs with tortured flesh; to teach peace and eat like beasts of prey. But
we have overlooked the moral in the story of Diomedes. Each generation has run amok and torn us to pieces
in turn for the ugly lies which it has been taught - viz. that animals must be killed for food and people
for military objectives." - from The Recovery of Culture (Diet and War) by Henry Bailey Stevens, 1949.
Forelaws on Board